ArticlesVolume 16, Number 1 (2007)

Pregnancy Discrimination in Latin America: The Exclusion of “Employment Discrimination” from the Definition of “Labor Laws” in the Central American Free Trade Agreement


Regional trading blocs and bilateral trade agreements have become increasingly important within the western hemisphere. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement, and the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) have all been passed in the last fifteen years. This Article will focus principally on the labor provisions in NAFTA and CAFTA.1 Additionally, with the Andean Trade Preference Act set to expire in 2006, the United States initiated negotiations with three Andean countries in May 2004: Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador. The United States Trade Representative (USTR) signed the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement in April 2006, concluded negotiations with Colombia in February 2006, and is participating in ongoing discussions with Ecuador. Furthermore, the Administration¬†announced in 2003 that it intends to launch negotiations for a separate agreement with Panama, and the Senate recently approved a resolution of advice and consent for a United States-Uruguay Bilateral Investment Treaty in September 2006. All of these bilateral and regional agreements represent a “building block’A in the attempt to secure a Free Trade Area of the Americas despite its current dim prospects.